Culturally Competent Health Care for Children

Selected and Compiled by Jacquelyn Coughlan, M.S., M..L.S

Abu-Saad, H. (1984). Cultural components of pain: The Arab American child. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatrics, 7(2-3), 91-99.
Adetunji, J. A. (1991). Response of parents to five killer diseases among children in a Yoruba community, Nigeria. Social Science & Medicine, 32(12), 1379-1387.
Ahearn, J., Frederick L., & Athey, J. L. (1991). Refugee children: Theory, research, and services. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Ahmann, E. (1994). Chunky stew: Appreciating cultural diversity while providing health care for children. Pediatric Nursing, 20(3), 320-322, 324.
Ajdukovic, M. & Ajdukovic, D. (1993). Psychological well-being of refugee children. Child Abuse and Neglect, 17(6), 843-854.
Aubel, J., Toure, I., & Diagne, M. (2004). Senegalese grandmothers promote improved maternal and child nutrition practices: The guardians of tradition are not averse to change. Social Science and Medicine, 59(5), 945-959.
Benbenishty, R., Zeira, A., & Astor, R. A. (2002). Children's reports of emotional, physical and sexual maltreatment by educational staff in Israel. Child Abuse and Neglect, 26(8), 763-782.

Bywaters, P., Ali, Z., Fazil, Q., Wallace, L. M., & Singh, G. (2003). Attitudes towards disability amongst Pakistani and Bangladeshi parents of disables children in the UK: Considerations for service providers and the disability movement. Health and Social Care in the Community, 11(6), 502-509.

Canadian Paediatric Society. (1999). Children and youth new to Canada: A health care guide. Ottawa: The Society.
Chen, J., & Rankin, S. H. (2002). Using the Resiliency Model to deliver culturally sensitive care to Chinese families. Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, 17(3), 157-166.
Chen, L. (2002). Factors related to parenting practices in Taiwan. Early Child Development and Care, 172(5), 413-430.
Courtney, J.G., Buchanan, S., Kim, D., & Brown, L. (2002). Childhood lead poisoning associated with tamarind candy and folk remedies - California, 1999-2000. MMWR - Morbidity and Morality Weekly Report, 51(31), 684-686.
Culhane-Pera, K. A., Naftali, E. D., Jacobson C., & Xiong, Z. B. (2002). Cultural feeding practices and child-raising philosophy contribute to iron-deficiency anemia in refugee Hmong children. Ethnicity and Disease, 12(2), 199-205.
Earner, I., & Rivera, H. (2005). What do we know about immigrant and refugee families and children? Child Welfare Journal, 84(5), 532-536.
Eisenberg, L. (1981). Cross-cultural and historical perspectives on child abuse and neglect. Child Abuse & Neglect, 5(3), 299-308.
Ember, C. R., & Ember, M. (2005). Explaining corporal punishment of children: A cross-cultural study. American Anthropologist, 107(4), 609-619.
Ferren, P. M. (1999). Comparing perceived self-efficacy among adolescent Bosnian and Croatian refugees with and without posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 12(3), 405-420.
Flores, G., & Vega, L. R. (1998). Barriers to health care access for Latino children: A review. Family Medicine, 30(3), 196-205.
Flores, G., Abreu, M., et al. (1998). Access barriers to health care for Latino children. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 152(11), 1119-1125.
Flores, G., Abreu, M., Schwartz, I., & Hill, M. (2000). The importance of language and culture in pediatric care: Case studies from the Latino community. Journal of Pediatrics, 137(6), 842-848.
Flores, G., Rabke-Verani, J., Pine, W., et al. (2002). The importance of cultural and linguistic issues in the emergency care of children. Pediatric Emergency Care, 18(4), 271-282.
Foss, G. (1996). A conceptual model for studying parenting behaviours in immigrant populations. Advances in Nursing Science, 19(2), 74-87.
Futa, K. T., Hsu, E., & Hansen, D. J. (2001). Child sexual abuse in Asian American families: An examination of cultural factors that influence prevalence, identification, and treatment. Clinical Psychology: Science & Practice, 8(2), 189-209.
Gaffney, K. F., Kodadek, M. P., Meuse, M. T., et al. (2001). Assessing infant health promotion: A cross-cultural comparison. Clinical Nursing Research, 10(2), 102-116.
Gammeltoft, T. (2002). Between science and superstition: Moral perceptions of induced abortion among young adults in Vietnam. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 26(3), 313-338.
Gany, F., & de Bocanegra, H. T. (1996). Maternal-child immigrant health training: Changing knowledge and attitudes to improve health care delivery. Patient Education and Counseling, 27(1), 23-31.
Garbarino, J. (1991). What children can tell us about living in danger. American Psychology, 46(4), 376-383.
Garbarino, J. (1991). Developmental consequences of living in dangerous and unstable environments: The situation of refugee children. In M. McCallin (Ed.), The psychological well-being of refugee children: Research, practice and policy issues, (pp. 1-23). Geneva, Switzerland. International Catholic Child Bureau.
Gellert, G. A., Wagner, G. A., et al. (1993). Lead poisoning among low-income children in Orange County, California: A need for regionally differentiated policy. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 270(1), 69-71.
Geltman, P. L., Augustyn, M., et al. (2000). War trauma experience and behavioral screening of Bosnian refugee children resettled in Massachusetts. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 21(4), 255-261.
Goodman, M. (2004). Balkan children and families. In R. Fong (Ed.), Culturally competent practice with immigrant and refugee children and their families (pp. 275-288). New York: Guilford Press.
Guarnaccia, P. & Rodriguez, O. (1996). Concepts of culture and their role in the development of culturally competent mental health services. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 18(4), 419-433.
Hampers, L. C., Cha, S., et al. (1999). Language barriers and resource utilization in a pediatric emergency department. Pediatrics, 103(6), 1253-1256.
Hansen, K. K. (1998). Folk remedies and child abuse: A review with emphasis on caida de mollera and its relationship to shaken baby syndrome. Child Abuse & Neglect, 22(2), 117-127.
Harding, R. K., & Looney, J. G. (1977). Problems of Southeast Asian children in a refugee camp. American Journal of Psychiatry, 134(4), 407-411.
Harrison, M. M. (2000). Stories waiting to be told: Refugee students find their voices in two Midwestern communities. Teaching Tolerance, 18, 38-44.
Hernandez, D. J. (Ed.). (1999). Children of immigrants: Health, adjustment, and public assistance. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Hjern, A., Angel, B., et al. (1998). Political violence, family stress and mental health of refugee children in exile. Scandinavian Journal of Social Medicine, 26(1), 18-25.
Kimmel. C.E. (2007). Institutionalized child abuse: The use of child soldiers. International Social Work, 50(6), 740-754.
Kirkpatrick, S. M., & Cobb, A. K. (1990). Health beliefs related to diarrhea in Haitian children: Building transcultural nursing knowledge. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 1(2), 2-12.
Kline, P.M. & Mone, E. (2003). Coping with war: Three strategies employed by adolescent citizens of Sierra Leone. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 20(5), 321-333.
Knox, J. (1996). Homebased services for Southeast Asian refugee children: A process and formative evaluation. Children and Youth Services Review, 18(6), 553-578.
Korbin, J. E. (1991). Child maltreatment and the study of child refugees. In L. A. Frederick, Jr., & L. A. Jean (Eds.), Refugee children: Theory, research, and services (pp. 39-49). Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.
Krajewski-Jaime, E. R. (1991). Folk-healing among Mexican-American families as a consideration in the delivery of child welfare and child health care services. Child Welfare, 70(2), 157-167.
Lamb, M. E. (Ed.). (1992). Child care in context: Cross-cultural perspectives. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Lebese, R. T., Netshandama, V. O., & Shai-Mahoko, N. S. (2004). Cultural health practices of South African Vatsonga people on the home care of children with measles. Curationis, 27(1), 52-64.
Levesque, R. J. R. (2000). Cultural evidence, child maltreatment, and the law. Child Maltreatment, 5(2), 146-160.
Liem, N. T., Hau, B. D., et al. (1995). The long-term follow-up result of Swenson's operation in the treatment of Hirschsprung's disease in Vietnamese children. European Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 5(2), 110-112.
Lustig, S.L., Kia-Keating, M., Knight, W.G., Geltman, P., Ellis, H., et al. (2004). Review of child and adolescent refugee mental health. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 43(1), 24-36.
Lustig, S.L., Weine, S.M., Saxe, G.N., & Beardslee, W.R. (2004). Testimonial psychotherapy for adolescent refugees: A case series. Transcultural Psychiatry, 41(1), 31-45.
Lynch, E.W., & Hanson, M.J. (2004). Developing Cross-Cultural Competence: A Guide for Working with Children and Their Families (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes, Publishing Co.
Macksoud, M. & Aber, L. (1996). The war experience and psychological development of children in Lebanon. Child Development, 67(1), 70-88.
Maluleke, T. X. (2003). Sexuality education, gender and health issues related to puberty rites for girls. Health SA Gesondheid, 8(3), 61-67.
McCloskey, L.A. & Southwick, K. (1996). Psychosocial problems in refugee children exposed to war. Pediatrics, 97(3), 394-97.
McEvoy, M. (2003). Culture and spirituality as an integrated concept in pediatric care. MCN - American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 28(1), 39-43.
McKee, L. (1987). Ethnomedical treatment of children's diarrheal illness in the highlands of Equador. Social Science and Medicine, 25(10), 1147-1155.
Mendoza, F. S., & Dixon, L. B. (1999). The health and nutritional status of immigrant Hispanic children: Analyses of the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. In D. J. Hernandez (Ed.), Children of immigrants: Health, adjustment, and public assistance (pp. 187-243). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Mitchell, M. A. S., & Jenista, J. A. (1997). Health care of the internationally adopted child. Part 2: Chronic care and long-term medical issues. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 11(3), 117-126.
Nadeau, L. & Measham, T. (2006). Caring for migrant and refugee children: Challenges associated with mental health care in pediatrics. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 27(2), 145-154.
National Child Traumatic Stress Network - NCTSN. (2005). Mental health interventions for refugee children in resettlement - White paper II. (32 pages). Retrieved August 6, 2008, from
National Research Council Institute of Medicine. (1998). From generation to generation: The health and well-being of children in immigrant families. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Naumowicz, D.A. (1999). They took it all away from me: Croatian adolescent refugees and their identity development in war and peace. Dissertation Abstracts International, 60(08A), 2848.
Nutall, P., & Flores, F. (1997). Hmong healing practices used for common childhood illnesses. Pediatric Nursing, 23(3), 247-251.
O'Shea, B., Hodes, M., Down, G., & Bramley, J. (2000). A school-based mental health service for refugee children. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 5(2), 189-201.
Obradovic, B., Kanazir, V., et al. (1993). A threat to mental health of children and young people in exile. Psihijatrija Danas, 25(1-2), 91-98.
Olvera, N., Remy, R., et al. (2001). Observed maternal strategies and children's health locus of control in low-income Mexican American families. Journal of Family Psychology, 15(3), 451-463.
Orringer, K. (2002). Adolescent menstrual symptoms in a diverse sample of girls. Journal of the American Medical Women's Association, 57(4), 218.
Pachter, L. M. (1992). Cultural issues in pediatrics. In R. E. Behrman (Ed.), Nelson textbook of pediatrics (pp. 10-12). Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.
Pachter, L. M., Cloutier, M. M., et al. (1995). Ethnomedical (folk) remedies for childhood asthma in a mainland Puerto Rican community. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 149(9), 982-988.
Powell, G. J., & Yamamoto, J. (Eds.). (1997). Transcultural child development: Psychological assessment and treatment. New York: Wiley.
Puhar, A. (1994). Childhood nightmares and dreams of revenge. Journal of Psychohistory, 22(2), 131-170.
Pullis, M. (1998). Exposure to traumatic violence: Some lessons from Bosnia. Education and Treatment of Children, 21(3), 396-411.
Ras-Work, B. (2006). The impact of harmful traditional practices on the girl child. (13 pages). Retrieved September 15, 2008, from
Rasing, T. (1995). Passing on the rites of passage: Girls' initiation rites in the context of an urban Roman Catholic Community on the Zambian Copperbelt. Amsterdam: African Studies Center.
Riddell-Heaney, J., & Allot, M. (2003). Safeguarding children: 3. Getting to grips with culture and ethnicity. Professional Nurse, 18(8), 473-5.
Robledo, L., Wilson, A. H., et al. (1999). Hispanic mothers' knowledge and care of their children with respiratory illnesses: A pilot study. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 14(4), 239-247.
Rousseau, C. (1995). The mental health of refugee children. Transcultural Psychiatric Research Review, 32(3), 299-331.
Rousseau, C., & Drapeau, A. (1998). Parent-child agreement on refugee children's psychiatric symptoms: A transcultural perspective. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37(6), 629-636.
Rousseau, C., Drapeau, A., & Corin, E. (1996). School performance and emotional problems in refugee children. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 66(2), 239-251.
Rousseau, C., Drapeau, A., & Corin, E. (2001). Immigrant and refugee children and their families: The role of culture and ethnicity in assessment and treatment. Connecticut: International Universities Press.
Sack, W. H. (1998). Multiple forms of stress in refugee and immigrant children. Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 7(1), 153-167.
Sebre, S., Sprugevica, I., Novotni, A., Bonevski, D., Pakalniskiene, V., et al. (2004). Cross-cultural comparisons of child-reported emotional and physical abuse: Rates, risk factors and psychosocial symptoms. Child Abuse & Neglect, 28(1), 113-127.
Taneja, D. K., Singhal, P. K., & Dhawan, S. (1988). Superstitions in pediatric illnesses among rural mothers. Indian Pediatrics, 25(5), 447-52.
Thomas, T. & Lau, W. (2002). Psychological well being of child and adolescent refugee and asylum seekers: Overview of major research findings of the past ten years. (26 pages). Retrieved July 24, 2008, from
UNICEF - Unite for Children. (n.d.). Childinfo: Monitoring the situation of children and women. Retrieved April 2, 2009 from
Van Sleuwen, B. E., L'Hoir, M. P., Engelberts, A. C., Westers, P., & Schulpen, T. W. J. (2003). Infant care practices related to cot death in Turkish and Moroccan families in the Netherlands. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 88(9), 784-788.
Webb, E., Ryan, A. D., & O'Hare, B. A. M. (2005). The needs of children newly arrived from abroad. Current Paediatrics, 15(4), 339-346.
Whiting, L. S. (1999). Caring for children of differing cultures. Journal of Child Health Care, 3(4), 33-38.
Woodhead, M. (1999). Combatting child labour: Listening to what the children say. Childhood, 6(1), 27-49.
World Health Organization Task Force on Psychological Research and Family Planning. (1981). A cross-cultural study of menstruation: implications for contraceptive development and use. Studies in Family Planning, 12(1), 3-16.
Zahr, L. K., & Hattar-Pollara, M. (1998). Nursing care of Arab children: Consideration of cultural factors. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 13(6), 349-355.
©Jacquelyn Coughlan, April 2009 ( Citations)