Content View Hits : 1040989

Culturally Competent Health Care for the Hmong

Selected and compiled by Jacquelyn Coughlan, M.S., M.L.S.



Adler, S. R. (1991). Sudden unexpected nocturnal death syndrome among Hmong immigrants: Examining the role of the "nightmare." Journal of American Folklore, 104(411), 54-71.
 
Adler, S. R. (1994). Ethnomedical pathogenesis and Hmong immigrants' sudden nocturnal deaths. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 18(1), 23-59.
 
Adler, S. R. (1995). Refugee stress and folk belief: Hmong sudden deaths. Social Science & Medicine, 40(12), 1623-1629.
 
Allen, M., Matthew, S., & Boland, M.J.O. (2004). Working with immigrant and refugee populations: Issues and Hmong case study. Library Trends, 53(2), 301-328.
 
Asia and Pacific Islander American Health Forum. (2006). Hmong in the United States. Retrieved June 3, 2008, from http://www.apiahf.org/resources/pdf/Hmong_in_the_United_States.pdf
 
Barnes, L. L., & Plotnikiff, G. A. (2001). Fadiman and beyond- The dangers of extrapolation. Bioethics Forum, 17(1), 7-12.
 
Barrett, B., Shadick, K., et al. (1998). Hmong/medicine interactions: Improving cross-cultural health care. Family Medicine, 30(3), 179-184.
 

Ben-David, A., & Good, I. J. (1998). Ethiopians and the Hmongs: A comparative study in cultural narrative from a family therapy perspective. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 9(1), 31-45.

 

Bliatout, B. (1988). Hmong attitudes towards surgery: How it affects patient prognosis. Migration World, 16(1), 25-28.

 

Bliatout, B. T. (1986). Guidelines for mental health professionals to help Hmong clients seek traditional healing treatment. In G. L. Hendricks, B. T. Downing, & A. S. Deinard (Eds.), The Hmong in transition (pp. 349-364). New York: Center for Migration Studies of New York.

 

BRYCS - Bridging Refugee Youth & Children's Services. (2004). Background on Potential Health Issues for Hmong Refugees from Wat Tham Krabok. Retrieved June 3, 2008 from http://www.brycs.org/documents/ft_BRYCS0846.pdf

 

Capps, L. L. (1994). Change and continuity in the medical culture of the Hmong in Kansas City. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 8(2), 161-177.

 
Capps, L. L. (1999). Fright illness in Hmong children. Pediatric Nursing, 25(4), 378-383, 393-394.
 
Cerhan, J. U. (1990). The Hmong in the United States: An overview for mental health professionals. Journal of Counseling & Development, 69(1), 88-91.
 
Cha, D. (2003). Hmong American concepts of health, healing, and conventional medicine. New York: Routledge.
 
Cheon-Klessig, Y., Camilleri, D., et al. (1988). Folk medicine in the health practice of Hmong refugees. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 10(5), 647-660.
 

Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota. (2002). Hmong Culture and Medical Traditions. Retrieved June 3, 2008, from http://xpedio02.childrenshc.org/stellent/groups/public/ @xcp/@web/@integrativemed/documents/policyreferenceprocedure/web009310.asp

 

Coben, J. R. (2002). Building a bridge: Lessons learned from family mediation training for the Hmong community of Minnesota. Family Court Review, 40(3), 338-349.

 

Culhane-Pera K. A., Her C., & Her, B. (2007). "We are out of balance here": a Hmong cultural model of diabetes. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health / Center for Minority Public Health. 9(3), 179-90.

 

Culhane-Pera, K. A., & Vawter, D. E. (1998). A study of healthcare professionals' perspectives about a cross-cultural ethical conflict involving a Hmong patient and her family. Journal of Clinical Ethics, 9(2), 179-190.

 

Culhane-Pera, K. A., Naftali, E. D., Jacobson, C., & Xiong, Z. B. (2002). Cultural feeding practices and child-raising philosophy contribute to iron-deficiency anemia in refugee Hmong children. Ethnicity & Disease, 12(2), 199-205.

 

Culhane-Pera, K. A., Peterson, K. A., Crain, A. L., et al. (2005). Group visits for Hmong adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A pre-post analysis. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 16(2), 315-327.

 
Culhane-Pera, K. A., Wawter, D. E., Phua Xiong, Babbitt, B., & Solberg, M. M. (Eds.) (2003). Healing by Heart, Clinical and Ethical Case Stories of Hmong Families and Western Providers. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press.
 
Danner, C.C., et al. (2007). Running from the demon: Culturally specific group therapy for depressed Hmong women in a family medicine residency clinic. Women & Therapy: A Feminist Quarterly, 30(1/2), 151-176.
 
Deinard, A., & Dunnigan, T. (1987). Hmong health care--reflections on a six-year experience. International Migration Review, 21(3), 857-865.
 
Dettmer, K. & Meschke, L.L. (2002). Hmong adolescent mothers: Their chosen path and undetermined future. Paper presented at The 64th Annual Conference of the National Council on Family Relations, Houston, TX.
 

Devlin, H., Roberts, M., Okaya, A., & Xiong, Y. M. (2006). Our lives were healthier before: Focus groups with African American, American Indian, Hispanic/Latino, and Hmong people with diabetes. Health Promotion Practice, 7(1), 47-55.

 
Downing, B. T. (1986). Language issues. In G. L. Hendricks, B. T. Downing & A. S. Deinard (Eds.), The Hmong in transition (pp. 187-193). New York: Center for Migration Studies of New York.
 
Duffy, J., Harmon, R., Ranard, D.A., Thao, B., & Yamk, K. (2004). The Hmong: An introduction to their history and culture. (60 pages). Retrieved March 24, 2009 from http://www.cal.org/co/hmong/hmong_fin.pdf
 
Dunnigan, T., et al (1993). The problem of metaphorical nonequivalence in cross-cultural survey research: Comparing the mental health statuses of Hmong refugee and general population adolescents. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 24(3), 344-365.
 
Edinburgh, L., Saewyc, E., Thao, T., & Levitt, C. (2006). Sexual exploitation of very young Hmong girls. Journal of Adolescent Health, 39(1), 111-118.
 
Edwards, L. E., Rautio, C. J., & Hakanson, E. Y. (1987). Pregnancy in Hmong refugee women. Minnesota Medicine, 70(11), 633-637.
 
Fadiman, A. (1998). The spirit catches you and you fall down: A Hmong child, her American doctors, and the collision of two cultures. New York: Noonday Press.
 
Falk, C. (1992). Hmong funeral in Australia in 1992. Retrieved June 3, 2008, from http://www.hmongnet.org/hmong-au/funeral.htm
 

Falk, C. (1996). Upon meeting the ancestors: The Hmong funeral ritual in Asia and Australia. Hmong Studies Journal, 1(1), 1-11.

 

Falk, C. (2004). Hmong instructions to the dead: What the mouth organ Qeej says. Asian Folklore Studies, 63(1), 1-29.

 
Faller, H. S. (1985). Perinatal needs of immigrant Hmong women: Surveys of women and health care providers. Public Health Reports, 100(3), 340-343.
 
Finck, J. (1984). Southeast Asian refugees of Rhode Island: Cross-cultural issues in medical care: Concerns about blood drawing, medications, surgery, and autopsies are discussed. Rhode Island Medical Journal, 67, 319-321.
 
Foo, L. (2002). Hmong women in the US: Changing a patriarchal culture. In Asian American Women Issues, Concerns and Responsive Human and Civil Rights Advocacy, (pp. 145-161). New York, NY: Ford Foundation. Retrieved May 6, 2009 from http://www.aapip.org/pdfs/aaw_10_chapter8.pdf
 
Food and Nutrition Information Center. (2005). Ethnic and Cultural Resources. Retrieved June 3, 2008, from http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/etext/000010.html
 
Fox, P. G., Cowell, J. M., et al. (1995). Effects of family disruption on Southeast Asian refugee women. International Nursing Review, 42(1), 27-30.
 

Gerdner, L. A., Xiong, S. V., & Cha, D. (2006). Chronic confusion and memory impairment in Hmong elders: Honoring differing cultural beliefs in America. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 32(3), 23-31.

 
Goodkind J. R. (2005). Effectiveness of a community-based advocacy and learning program for Hmong refugees. American Journal of Community Psychology. 36(3-4), 387-408.
 

Goodkind, J. R. (2006). Promoting Hmong refugees' well-being through mutual learning: Valuing knowledge, culture, and experience. American Journal of Community Psychology, 37(1), 77-93.

 
Haddad, A., & Brown, K. (1994). Ethics in action: What would you do? RN, 57(7), 19-21.
 
Hayes, C. L., & Kalish, R. A. K. (1994). Death-related experiences and funerary practices of the Hmong refugee in the United States. In L. A. DeSpalder & A. L. Strickland (Eds.), The path ahead: Readings in death and dying (pp. 75-79). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield.
 
Hein, J. (2006). Ethnic origins: The adaptation of Cambodian and Hmong refugees in four American cities. New York: Russell Sage Foundation Publications.
 
Heinz, C. B. (n.d.). Asian Shamanism (Emphasizing Laos and Hmong Shamanism). Retrieved June 3, 2008, from http://www.csuchico.edu/~cheinz/syllabi/asst001/spring98/mainpage.htm
 

Helsel, D. G., & Mochel, M. (2002). Afterbirths in the afterlife: Cultural meaning of placental disposal in Hmong American community. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 13(4), 282-286.

 

Helsel, D. G., Mochel, M., & Bauer, R. (2004). Shamans in a Hmong American community. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 10(6), 933-938.

 
Helsel, D. G., Mochel, M., & Bauer, R. (2005). Chronic illness and Hmong Shamans. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 16(2), 150-154.
 

Helsel, D., Petitti, D. B., et al. (1992). Pregnancy among the Hmong: Birth weight, age and parity. American Journal of Public Health, 82(10), 1361-1363.

 
Hendricks, G. L., Downing, B. T., Deinard, A. S. (Eds.). (1985). The Hmong in transition. Staten Island, N. Y.: Center for Migration Studies of New York.
 
Henry, R. R. (1999). Measles, Hmong, and metaphor: Culture change and illness management under conditions of immigration. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 13(1), 32-51.
 
Her, C., & Culhane-Pera, K. A. (2004). Culturally responsive care for Hmong patients: Collaboration is a key treatment component. Postgraduate Medicine, 116(6), 39-42, 45-46.
 
Hickman, J.R. (2007). "Is it the spirit or the body?": Syncretism of health beliefs among Hmong immigrants to Alaska. National Association for the Practice of Anthropology Bulletin, 27(1), 176-195.
 
Hmong Cultural Center. (2003). Hmong Resource Center Library.  Retrieved June 3, 2008, from http://www.hmongcc.org/
 

Hmong Health. (2007). Hmong customs and health beliefs. Retrieved June 3, 2008, from http://www.hmonghealth.org/health/traditionalhealing/topics.asp?ltid=58

 
Hmong National Development, Inc. (2008). Welcome to the official HND website. Retrieved October 15, 2008 from http://www.hndinc.org
 
Hmong National Development, Inc. - HND & the Hmong Cultural Resource Center. (2004). Hmong 2000 census publication: Data and analysis. (75 pages). Retrieved October 15, 2008 from http://hmongstudies.org/2000HmongCensusPublication.pdf
 
Hmong Studies Journal. (n.d.). An Internet journal on the Hmong. Retrieved June 3, 2008, from http://www.hmongstudies.com/HmongStudiesJournal
 
Ikeda, J. P. (1999). Hmong American food practices, customs, and holidays. Chicago: American Dietetic Association.
 
Ikeda, J. P., Ceja, D. R., Glass, R. S., Harwood, J. O., Lucke, K. A., & Sutherland, J. M. (1991). Food habits of the Hmong living in central California. Journal of Nutrition Education, 23(4), 168-175.
 
Jambunathan, J. (1995). Hmong cultural practices and beliefs: The postpartum period. Clinical Nursing Research, 4(3), 335-345.
 
Jambunathan, J., & Stewart, S. (1995). Hmong women in Wisconsin: What are their concerns in pregnancy and childbirth? Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care and Education, 22(4), 204-210.
 
Jambunathan, J., & Stewart, S. (1997). Hmong women: Postpartum family support and life satisfaction. Journal of Family Nursing, 3(2), 149-166.
 

Jintrawet, U., & Harrigan, R. C. (2003). Beliefs of mothers in Asian countries and among Hmong in the United States about the causes, treatments, and outcomes of acute illnesses: An integrated review of the literature. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 26(2), 77-88.

 
Johnson, S. K. (2002). Hmong health beliefs and experiences in the Western health care system. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 13(2), 126-132.
 
Kahler, L. R., Sobota, C. M., et al. (1996). Pregnant women at risk: An evaluation of the health status of refugee women in Buffalo, New York. Health Care for Women International, 17(1), 15-23.
 
Kaiser, T.L. (2003). Achieving shared meaning in cross-cultural dialogue: Understanding a Hmong family's response to marital violence. Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 12(3), 29-54.
 

Kasemsup, R., & Reicks, M. (2006). The relationship between maternal child-feeding practices and overweight in Hmong preschool children. Ethnicity & Disease, 16(1), 187-193.

 
Keown-Bomar, J. (2004). Kinship networks among Hmong-American refugees. New York: LFB Scholarly Publishing. 
 
Kern Resource Center. (2006). Hmong for health care workers. (70 pages). Retrieved June 3, 2008 from http://www.health-careers.org/resources
/Hmong%20Handbook%20Revised%203-06.pdf
 
Kroll, J., Linde, P., et al. (1990). Medication compliance, antidepressant blood levels, and side effects in Southeast Asian patients. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 10(4), 279-283.
 

La Du, E. B. (1985). Childbirth care for Hmong families. MCN: The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, 10(6), 382-385.

 

Lee, P. A. (1986, Spring). Traditional medicine: Dilemmas in nursing practice. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 10(3), 14-20.

 
Lee, P. S. (1986). Health beliefs of pregnant and postpartum Hmong women. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 8(1), 83-93.
 
Lee, S.E. (2006). Hmong women issues: Identity and mental health. (136 pages). Retrieved October 29, 2008 from http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/theses/available/etd-04262006-223253/unrestricted/etd.pdf
 

Levenick, M. (2001). Hmong and prenatal care. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 8(1), 26-29.

 
Levine, M., Anderson, L., McCullough, N, et al. (2004). Hmong birthing. Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN) Lifelines, 8(2), 147-149.
 
Liamputtong, P. (2000). Hmong women and reproduction. Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey.
 
Liamputtong, P. (2002). Infant feeding practices: The case of Hmong women in Australia. Health Care for Women International, 23(1), 33-48.
 
Liamputtong, P. (2003). Abortion--it is for some women only! Hmong women's perceptions of abortion. Health Care Women International, 24(3), 230-241.
 
Liamputtong, P. (2007). Baby, souls, name, and health: Traditional and changed rituals for a newborn infant among Hmong immigrant mothers in Australia. In Liamputtong, P., Childrearing and infant care issues: A cross-cultural perspective (pp. 201-220). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Publishers.
 
Liamputtong, P., & Manderson, L. (1996). Maternity and reproductive health in Asian societies. Australia: Harwood Academic.
 

Lipson, J. G., Dibble, S. L., et al. (1996). Culture & nursing care: A pocket guide. San Francisco: UCSF Nursing Press.

 

Ly, C. (2001). The conflict between law and culture: The case of the Hmong in America. Wisconsin Law Review, 2, 471-499.

 
Ma, S. (2005). Hmong refugee's death fugue. Hmong Studies Journal, 6, 1-36. Retrieved February 3, 2009 from http://www.hmongstudies.org/MaHSJ6.pdf
 
Macdonald, D. & Reznik, V. (2001). Using a transcultural, patient based approach to improve patient outcome in a pediatric ESRD patient. Nephrology Nursing Journal, 28(4), 444, 450.
 

McInnis, K. (1991). Ethnic-sensitive work with Hmong refugee children. Child Welfare, 70(5), 571-580.

 
Meredith, W. H., & Rowe, G. P. (1986). Changes in Hmong refugee marital attitudes in America. In Hendricks, G. L., Downing, B. T., &A. S. Deinard (Eds.), The Hmong in transition (pp. 121-134). Staten Island, N. Y.: Center for Migration Studies of New York.
 
Meyers, C. (1992). Hmong children and their families: Consideration of cultural influences in assessment. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 46(8), 737-744.
 
Miyares, I. M. (1998). The Hmong refugee experience in the United States: Crossing the River. New York: Garland.
 
Ngo, B. (2002). Contesting "culture": The perspectives of Hmong American female students on early marriage. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 33(2), 163-188.
 
Nutall, P., & Flores, F. (1997). Hmong healing practices used for common childhood illnesses. Pediatric Nursing, 23(3), 247-251.
 
Nyce, J. M., & Hollinshead, W. H. (1984). Southeast Asian refugees of Rhode Island: Reproductive beliefs and practices among the Hmong. Rhode Island Medical Journal, 67(8), 361-366.
 
Olson, M.C. (1999). "The heart still beat, but the brain doesn't answer". Perception and experience of old-age dementia in the Milwaukee Hmong community. Theoretical Medical Bioethics, 20(1), 85-95.
 
Parker, M., & Kiatoukaysy, L. N. (1999). Culturally responsive health care: The example of the Hmong in America. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 11(12), 511-518.
 
Paulson, R. R., Duvall, K. L., et al. (1984). Splenomegaly in Hmong refugees. Archives of Internal Medicine, 144(2), 257-260.
 

Pfeifer, M. E. (n.d.). Hmong Courtship and Marriage Practices. Retrieved June 3, 2008,  from http://www.hmongstudies.com/HmongCourtshipandMarriagePractices.html

 

Pfeifer, M. E. (n.d.). Health and medical issues affecting the Hmong. Retrieved June 3, 2008, from http://www.hmongstudies.org/HealthandMedicalIssuesAffectingtheHmong.html

 

Pinzon-Perez, H. (2006). Health issues for the Hmong population in the U.S.: Implications for health educators. International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 9, 122-133. Retrieved June 3, 2008, from http://www.aahperd.org/iejhe/2006/06_H_Pinzon.pdf

 

Pinzon-Perez, H., Moua, N., & Perez, M. A. (2005). Understanding satisfaction with shamanic practices among the Hmong in rural California. The International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 8, 18-23. Retrieved June 3, 2008 from http://www.aahperd.org/iejhe/template.cfm?template=2005/perez.html

 

Plotnikoff, G. A., Numerich, C., Wu, C., Yang, D., & Phua, X. (2002). Hmong shamanism: Animist spiritual healing in Minnesota. Minnesota Medicine, 85(6), 29-34.

 
Plumb, A. L. (2003). Nursing resources: Refuges for refugees and their caregivers dealing with the complex health issues faced by this population. American Journal of Nursing, 103(12), 98-99.
 
Powell, G. J., & Yamamoto, J. (Eds.). (1997). Transcultural child development: Psychological assessment and treatment. New York: Wiley.
 
Rairdan, B., & Higgs, A. R. (1992). When your patient is a Hmong refugee. American Journal of Nursing, 92(3), 52-55.
 

Reznik, V., Cooper, T., MacDonald, D., Benador, N., & Lemire, J. (2001). Hais cuaj txub kaum txub--to speak of all things: A Hmong cross-cultural case study. Journal of Immigrant Health, 3(1), 23-30.

 

Rice, C. D. (2003, April 7). Hmong publications. Hmong homepage - music, movies, and books. Retrieved June 3, 2008, from http://hmongnet.org/publications

 

Rice, P. L. (1995). Pog laus, tsis coj khaub ncaws lawm: The meaning of menopause in Hmong women. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 13(2), 79-92. Retrieved October 22, 2004, Reprinted at http://hmongnet.org/publications

 

Rice, P. L. (1997). Giving birth in a new house: Childbirth traditions and the experience of motherhood among Hmong women from Laos. Asian Studies Review, 20(3), 133-148.

 

Rice, P. L. (1998). Childhood health and illness: Cultural beliefs and practices among the Hmong in Victoria. Australian Journal of Primary Health-Interchange, 4(4), 44-59.

 
Rice, P. L. (1999). Infant weaning practices among Hmong women in Melbourne. Australian Journal of Primary Health-Interchange, 5(2), 27-37.
 

Rice, P. L. (1999). When the baby falls! The cultural construction of miscarriage among Hmong women in Australia. Women & Health, 30(1), 85-103.

 

Rice, P. L. (1999). What women say about their childbirth experiences: The case of Hmong women in Australia. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 17(3), 237-254.

 

Rice, P. L. (2000). Nyo dua hli--30 days confinement: Traditions and changed childbearing beliefs and practices among Hmong women in Australia. Midwifery, 16(1), 22-34.

 

Rice, P. L. (2000). Death in birth: The cultural construction of stillbirth, neonatal death and maternal death among Hmong women in Australia. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 41(1), 39-57.

 

Rice, P. L. (2000). Baby, souls, name and health: Traditional customs for a newborn infant among the Hmong in Melbourne. Early Human Development, 57(3), 189-203.

 

Rice, P. L., Ly, B., & Lumley, J. (1994). Childbirth and soul loss: The case of a Hmong woman. The Medical Journal of Australia, 160(9), 577-578.

 
Richman, D., & Dixon, S. (1985). Comparative study of Cambodian, Hmong, and Caucasian infant and maternal perinatal profiles. Journal of Nurse-Midwifery, 30(6), 313-319.
 
Schriever, S. H. (1990). Comparison of beliefs and practices of ethnic Viet and Lao Hmong concerning illness, healing, death and mourning: Implications for Hospice care with refugees in Canada. Journal of Palliative Care, 6(1), 42-49.
 
Shadick, K. M. (1993). Development of a transcultural health education program for the Hmong. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 7(2), 48-53.
 
Small, S. A., Tiwari, G., & Huser, M. (2006). The cultural education of academic evaluators: Lessons from a univeristy-Hmong community partnership. American Journal of Community Psychology, 37(3-4), 357-364.
 
Smith, L. S. (1997). Critical thinking, health policy, and the Hmong culture group, Part II. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 4(2), 59-67.
 
Sperstad, R. A., & Werner, J. S. (2005). Coming to the cultural "in-between": Nursing insights from a Hmong birth case study. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 34(6), 682-688.
 
Spring, M. A., Ross, P. J., et al. (1995). Sociocultural factors in the use of prenatal care among Hmong women, Minneapolis. American Journal of Public Health, 85(7), 1015-7.
 
Spring, M.A. (1989). Ethnopharmacologic analysis of medicinal plants used by Laotian Hmong refugees in Minnesota. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 26(1), 65-91.
 
Stewart, S., & Jambunathan, J. (1996). Hmong women and postpartum depression. Health Care for Women International, 17(4), 319-330.
 
Su, J., Lee, R.M., & Vang, S. (2005). Intergenerational family conflict and coping among Hmong American college students. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52(4), 482-489.
 

Tapp, N. (1988). The reformation of culture: Hmong refugees from Laos. Journal of Refugee Studies, 1(1), 20-37.

 

Tatman, A. W. (2004). Hmong history, culture, and acculturation: Implications for counseling the Hmong. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 32(4), 222-233.

 
Thao, X. (1986). Hmong perception of illness and traditional ways of healing. In G. L. Hendricks, B. T. Downing & A. S. Deinard (Eds.), The Hmong in transition (pp. 365-378). Staten Island, NY: Center for Migration Studies of New York.
 
Tobin, J. J., & Friedman, J. (1983). Spirits, shamans, and nightmare death: Survivor stress in a Hmong refugee. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 53(3), 439-448.
 
Tuttle, C. R., & Dewey, K. G. (1996). Potential cost savings for Medi-Cal, AFDC, food stamps, and WIC programs associated with increasing breast-feeding among low-income Hmong women in California. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 96(9), 885-890.
 
Twiss, S. B. (2006). On cross-cultural conflict and pediatric intervention. Journal of Religious Ethics. 34(1), 163-175.
 
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2008). Promoting cultural sensitivity: A practical guide for Tuberculosis programs that provide services to Hmong persons from Laos. (59 pages). Retrieved June 26, 2008, from http://www.cdc.gov/tb/EthnographicGuides/Hmong/chapters/HmongTBBooklet508_final.pdf
 
Vangyi, S. V. (1980). A guide to understanding dating and marriage in the Hmong culture. New York: Scientific Foundation.
 
Vawter, D. E., & Babbitt, B. (1997). Hospice care for terminally ill Hmong patients. A good cultural fit? Minnesota Medicine, 80(11), 42-44.
 
Viste, J. (2007). Communicating (Birth defects) prevention information to a Hmong population in Wisconsin: A study of cultural relevance. Substance Abuse & Misuse, 42(4), 753-774.
 

Wang, J. A. (2005). The changing health care behaviour of the Hmong refugee population in Sydney. Geographical Research, 43(4), 417.

 
Warner, M. E., & Mochel, M. (1998). The Hmong and health care in Merced, California. Hmong studies Journal. Retrieved June 3, 2008, from http://members.aol.com/hmongstudiesjrnl/HSJ-v2n2_Warner.html
 
Waters, D. A., Rao, R. B., et al. (1992). Providing health care for the Hmong. Wisconsin Medical Journal, 91(11), 642-651.
 
Wathum-Ocama, J.C. & Rose, S. (2002). Hmong immigrants' views on the education of their deaf and hard of hearing children. American Annals of the Deaf, 147(3), 44-53.
 
Westermeyer, J. & Nugent, S. (1994). Religiosity and psychological adjustment among 100 Hmong refugees. Asian American and Pacific Islander Journal of Health 2(2), 133-145.
 
Westermeyer, J. (1987). Prevention of mental disorder among Hmong refugees in the U.S.: Lessons from the period 1976-1986. Social Science & Medicine, 25, 941-947.
 
Westermeyer, J. (1988). Some cross-cultural aspects of delusions. In T. F. Oltmanns & B. A. Maher (Eds.), Delusional beliefs. New York: Wiley.
 
Westermeyer, J., Neider, S., & Collies, A. (1989). Psychological adjustment of Hmong refugees during their first decade in the United States. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disorders, 177(3), 132-138.
 
Winland, D.N. (1992). The role of religious affiliation in refugee resettlement: The case of the Hmong. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 24(1), 96-120.
 

Wong, C. C., Mouanoutoua, C., Chen M., Gray, K., & Tseng, W. (2005). Adherence with hypertension care among Hmong Americans. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 22(3), 143-156.

 
Wong, C., Mouanoutoua, V., Chen, M. (2008). Engaging community in the quality of hypertension care project with Hmong Americans. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 15(1), 30-36.
 

WWW Hmong. (2006). What do the Hmong believe will happen to them if they receive a blood transfusion? Retrieved June 3, 2008 from http://www.hmongnet.org/faq/blood.html

 

Xiong, Z. B., Tuicomepee, A., LaBlanc, L., & Rainey, J. (2006). Hmong immigrants' perceptions of family secrets and recipients of disclosure. Families in Society, 87(2), 231-239.

 
Yang, J.A. (2004). Marriage by capture in the Hmong culture: The legal issue of cultural rights versus women's rights. Law & Society Review at UCSB, 3, 38-49. Retrieved May 6, 2009 from http://www.lawso.ucsb.edu/projects/review/issues/2003-2004/hmong.pdf
 

Yang, R. C., Mills, P. K., & Dodge, J. L. (2006). Cancer screening, reproductive history, socioeconomic status, and anticipated cancer-related behavior among Hmong adults. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 7(1), 79-85.

 

Yee, B. W. (n.d.). Health and health care of southeast Asian American elders: Vietnamese, Cambodian, Hmong and Laotian elders. Retrieved June 3, 2008, from http://www.stanford.edu/group/ethnoger/southeastasian.html

 

Young, C., Camilleri, D. D., McElmurry, B. J., & Ohlson, V. M. (1988). Folk medicine in the health of Hmong refugees. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 10(5), 647-660.

 
©Jacquelyn Coughlan, May 2009 ( citations)